ENVIRONMENT: Western Asia and North Africa are geologically turbulent. Water is
the most precious resource to inhabitants of these areas, competition for which
has generated many wars. Ironically, human subsistence patterns have affected and
still affect the quality and quantity of water available to meet the needs of Middle
C. LANGUAGES SPOKEN TODAY:
1. HAMITIC: Berber.
2. SEMITIC: Hebrew, Syra, Arabic (many mutually unintelligible dialects, plus a modern "standard," used in the media).
3. INDO-EUROPEAN: Farsi; Kurdish; Armenian.
4. URAL-ALTAIC: Turkish.
5. OTHER: Georgian, Circassian, etc.
NATIONS: Map Exercise, to be completed in class (but NOT collected or
and related information from National Geographic
of T -Austin]
PREHISTORY: The Middle East is reasonably will known
archeologically. It has a rich,
complex, varied array of prehistoric cultures.